Buy To Cover : A buy to cover order is one that is placed on a stock or other listed security in order to close out a short position.
A short sale is when an investor sells shares of a company that he or she does not own because the shares were borrowed from a broker and must be repaid at a later date.
What Does the Term “Buy to Cover” Mean?
A purchase to cover order is one that is placed on a stock or other listed security in order to close out a short position.
A short sale is when an investor sells shares of a firm that he or she does not own because the shares were borrowed from a broker and must be repaid at a later date.
A purchase to cover order closes a trader’s short position by placing a buy trading order.
Short positions are borrowed from a broker and then “covered” and returned to the original lender using a purchase to cover strategy.
The trade is based on the assumption that the price of a stock will fall, therefore shares are sold at a higher price and then bought back at a lower price. Margin trades are typically buy to cover orders.
Understanding the Buy-to-Cover Process
A purchase to cover order, which involves buying an equivalent number of shares as those borrowed, “covers” the short sale and allows the shares to be returned to the original lender, which is usually the investor’s own broker-dealer, who may have had to borrow the shares from a third party.
A short seller expects the price of a stock to fall and wants to repurchase the shares at a lower price than the original short sale price.
Each margin call must be paid, and the shares must be repurchased to return them to the lender.
When the stock price rises above the price at which the shares were shorted, the short seller’s broker may issue a margin call, requiring the seller to execute a purchase to cover order.
To avoid this, short sellers should always have adequate buying power in their brokerage account to conduct any necessary “buy to cover” trades before the stock’s market price triggers a margin call.
Margin and Buy-to-Cover Trades
When purchasing and selling stocks, investors can perform cash transactions, which means they can buy with cash in their own brokerage accounts and sell what they have already bought.
Alternatively, investors can borrow funds and assets from their brokers to buy and sell on margin.
As a result, because investors are selling something they don’t already own, a short sale is necessarily a margin trade.
Because of the possibility of margin calls, trading on margin is riskier for investors than trading with cash or their own stocks.
Margin calls occur when the market value of the underlying asset moves against the positions that investors have taken in leverage trades, such as when security values fall when buying on margin and rise when selling short.
Margin calls must be met by depositing extra funds or completing suitable purchase or sell trades to compensate for any unfavourable changes in the underlying shares’ value.
When an investor sells short and the underlying security’s market value rises above the short-selling price, the proceeds from the previous short sale are less than what is needed to purchase it back.
The investor would be in a losing position as a result of this. If the security’s market value continues to climb, the investor will have to spend a rising amount to acquire it back.
If the investor does not expect the security to go below the original short-selling price in the near future, the short position should be covered as quickly as possible.
Buy to Cover as an Example
Assume a trader initiates a short position on ABC stock. They anticipate that ABC’s stock price, which is presently trading at $100, will decline in the next months as the business’s financials indicate that the corporation is in trouble.
The trader borrows 100 shares of ABC from a broker and sells them in the open market at the current price of $100 to benefit from their thesis.
As a result, ABC’s stock drops to $90, prompting the trader to issue a buy to cover order to purchase ABC’s shares at the new price and return the 100 shares borrowed to the broker.
Before a margin call, the trader must make a purchase to cover order.
The trader makes a $1,000 profit on the transaction: $10,000 (selling price) Minus $9,000 (cost) (purchase price).
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