Connect with us


Romberg test- Things You Should Know About Romberg test



Romberg test: Hi, Guys. Today I will share more exciting information on the topic of the Romberg test.

Please move on to the article and enjoy reading it.

How the Romberg Test is Use to Identify and Diagnose the Imbalance Issues


Things You Should Know About Romberg test

What is Romberg’s test?

It is a test that measures the sense of balance.

Use to diagnose balance problems composed of the visual, vestibular (inner ear), and positional sense systems during a neurological exam.

Specifically, the test uses the function of the organ column in the spinal cord. The dorsal column is responsible for positional sense or understanding the body’s movement and position.

A law enforcement officer will also use a modifying Romberg test to check a person’s solemn. For example, it will do to finds if a person is under the influence of alcohol.


The test is also known as the:

Romberg’s sign

Romberg’s maneuver
The health care provider will likely use a Romberg test if one is experiencing imbalance, dizziness, and falling during everyday activities.

To learn more on the Romberg test and what it involves, reading. We will explain what to expect. What are the results mean and common variations of the test?


How is Romberg’s test for balance performs?

When using for medical purposes, the Romberg test will take place in the health provider’s office. One doesn’t need to go to the hospital.

The Romberg test consists of two stages. Here is what one will expect:

One will ask to remove the shoes. Will also ask one to stand with the feet together on a flat and hard surface.
The examiner will ask one to cross the arms in front of the body or place them at the sides.
One will ask to stand still and keep the eyes open for about 30 seconds.

The examiner will observe the body’s movement and balance. It completes the first stage.
Next, one will ask to close the eyes and stand for 30 seconds. The examiner will check the body’s movement and balance. It is completing the second stage.
One will perform the test without any physical support. It means the provider won’t hold the shoulders or place one against the wall.

Additionally, some examiners will have one perform each stage for up to 60 seconds.


It is value noting that the Romberg test will look different if a law enforcement official does it. One won’t have to remove the shoes, and one may not have to close your eyes.

Variations on Romberg’s test

The Romberg test will perform in various ways. Providers might also make their modifications and use different postures, foot positions, or duration.

The Common changes are the following:

Sharpen Romberg test

The sharpen Romberg test is also called the tandem Romberg test, uses a different foot position. It is using for people at risk of falling due to old age or a neurological disorder.


In this version, one asks to place one foot in front of the other. The heel of the front foot should touch the toes of the back foot.

Can place either foot in the front position. The provider will have one to switch feet and repeat the test to see if the balance changes.

Single leg Romberg test

The single-leg Romberg test involves standing on one leg. One will ask to switch feet so the provider will use any differences.

Positive and Negative results

Results of a Romberg test are finds by the body movements while balancing. Here is what each product means.


Romberg’s test positive result

If one swing slowly back and falls during the test, the result is positive.

A positive Romberg test will indicate an issue with the:

Sensory system
Vestibular system
Proprioceptive system

These systems help one stay balancing at the same time standing upright. But if there is a problem with one of these systems. One will unable to maintain balance.


Other disorders will cause a positive test result. Examples are:

1. intoxication (alcohol or drugs)

2. metabolic disorders

3. vitamin B12 deficiency

4.copper deficiency



6. hydrocephalus (fluid buildup in the brain)

7. Parkinson’s disease

8.Friedreich ataxia


9.Tabes dorsalis (a form of neurosyphilis)

10. Wernicke’s syndrome

11. Ménière’s disease

12. central or peripheral vertigo


13.head injury

Negative Romberg’s test results

A Romberg test is harmful if one has minimal swaying during the trial. It also means one can stay stable with the eyes closed or open.

It indicates that the vestibular or proprioceptive symptoms may not relate to balancing issues.

Who given Romberg’s test?

The Romberg test gives to anyone who has


Uncoordinated movement
Signs of intoxication
Ataxia (impaired muscle control)
Head injury

Considerations and precautions

It is possible to get lazy or fall during the test. Therefore, the health care provider should:

Guard you
Watch the movements closely
Remove nearby objects
These precautions will ensure one stays safe during the test.

Key Fact

The Romberg test is a simple test that uses the ability to stay balanced. The health care provider will use the test if one has dizziness or falls. A positive Romberg test occurs if one loses balance during the procedure.


Generally, it does evaluate neurological conditions like head injuries or Parkinson’s disease. The examiner should always give important safety and prevent falls, which may lead to damage.

So, it is essential information on the topic of the Romberg test.

If Queries or Questions is persisting then, please comment on the viewpoints.

Also Read:


Continue Reading