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Birthmark Removal- Overview, Type of Procedure
Overview of Birthmark Removal
A wide variety of pigmented and vascular birthmarks are available. They can be found in a range of colors, forms, and sizes, ranging from black and brown to red, purple, and blue. Some birthmarks fade or lighten with age (such as angel kisses, strawberry marks, and Mongolian blue spots), whereas others (such as salmon patches, port wine stains, and so on) may not fade and may even darken. Meanwhile, birthmarks such as facial hemangiomas can increase and cause various health problems.
Whether it’s a dangerous mole or typical sorts of safe but ugly patches, removing a birthmark for cosmetic purposes can be an effective procedure for many people. All birthmarks can now be reduced in appearance or totally and permanently eradicated thanks to advancements in laser technology and other treatment methods.
What Are the Different Types of Birthmark Removal Procedures?
Several birthmark removal treatments can be used to eliminate vascular or pigmented birthmarks safely and successfully. Vascular birthmarks are caused by the clustering of blood arteries beneath the skin, whereas the over-concentration of pigmented cells causes pigmented birthmarks in one location.
The treatments for treating birthmarks vary depending on the type of birthmark and its location. Both vascular birthmarks like port wine stains and salmon patches, as well as pigmented birthmarks like moles, cafe au lait markings, and Mongolian spots, can be treated with laser resurfacing using either an ablative or non-ablative laser tool. Light treatment is another birthmark removal method that uses intense pulsed light therapy (IPL) to eradicate vascular or flat, pigmented birthmarks.
The best therapy for many moles is to have them surgically removed from the skin using a range of surgical techniques such as shave excisions, punch excisions, and surgical excisions.
A treatment called gigantic nevi excision surgery can help children with pigmented lesions called congenital nevi. The purpose of extensive nevi removal surgery is to entirely or as much as possible eliminate the mole.
Those who are good candidates for birthmark removal
Birthmark removal is a viable option for a large number of people. If you qualify, a consultation with a board-certified plastic surgeon or dermatologist is required. Your doctor will examine the birthmark you’d like to have removed and advise you on the best treatment option for your skin.
Candidates for laser birthmark removal or light therapy treatments should have healthy, moisturized, or slightly greasy skin and want to get rid of vascular or flat pigmented birthmarks. Keloid development (excessive scar tissue growth) or other severe scarring concerns are not ideal candidates for either procedure. In certain circumstances, birthmark treatment may result in excessive scar tissue formation over the treated area, making the birthmark more visible and less attractive.
Patients with drier skin types can benefit from light treatment (IPL) if the pulsing light’s intensity is adequately managed. Those with darker skin tones and those taking additional blood thinners like warfarin or heparin are not usually suitable candidates for light therapy.
Those seeking to remove elevated, benign-appearing moles for cosmetic purposes will be the best candidates for shave excisions, punch excisions, and surgical excisions. The ideal patient for surgical excisions will have a mole larger than 8mm, whereas punch excision candidates will have moles smaller than 8mm. Those with suspicious-looking moles should consult a dermatologist about the possibility of skin cancer before undergoing these procedures.
What Are the Benefits of a Birthmark Removal Procedure?
A blemish removal procedure’s ultimate goal is to either minimize the appearance of a birthmark or eradicate it. Both lasers resurfacing treatments and light therapy (IPL) can effectively reduce the appearance of vascular birthmarks as well as flat, pigmented birthmarks. Depending on the individual and the features of the lesion, these methods can also entirely eradicate birthmarks.
A surgical extraction is the best option for people with giant, elevated moles that are too thick to be adequately treated with laser or light therapies—with either a shave excision, punch incision, or surgical excision. Moles removed using a shave excision, or a punch incision has a slight possibility of coming back, while moles that are surgically removed do not. If your mole returns following a shave or punches excision, your doctor may suggest scheduling a surgical excision to remove it thoroughly.
Care Following Treatment
Once the treatment is completed, you must follow your surgeon’s instructions to avoid any unnecessary difficulties and let your body recuperate appropriately.
You may experience a modest to moderate sunburn in the treated area after having a birthmark removed by laser resurfacing or light therapy treatment. Within twenty-four hours, this will generally lessen, and it will be gone entirely within one or two days. After treatment, scabs or blisters may occur, but this is uncommon. If scabs or blisters appear on the skin, patients should avoid picking or scratching them to avoid scarring. For up to two days after the surgery, your doctor may advise you to avoid hot water and extensive sun exposure.
Sutures are rarely used in shave excision treatments, as the treated area heals on its own. To allow the natural healing process to take place, patients should avoid touching the spot and keep it clean.
Patients should protect the afflicted region from dirt, water, and sweat after having a mole removed with a punch excision or surgical excision, making careful to cover the site while bathing, cleaning dishes, or doing any other water-related activity. Avoid intense exercise and anything else that could cause excessive sweating, such as bending, stretching, or anything else that could harm the treated region.
Your doctor will teach you how to keep the area dry and protected from dirt, water, and sweat after a punch excision or a surgical excision. You’ll also learn how to dress the wound and change the dressing, which is required every two to three days. You’ll also want to avoid damaging the wound by bending, twisting, or exerting oneself in a way that causes movement or excessive perspiration in the treated region. After two to three weeks, your stitches will be removed.
What is the minimum number of treatments required to see results?
Surgical excision is the only treatment that ensures that the target, a raised mole, is completely and permanently removed. Other treatments may also provide permanent, long-lasting improvements with just one treatment, although this is dependent on the patient’s situation and cannot be guaranteed.
Patients will experience results after just a one-mole removal procedure, whether it’s a punch excision or a shave excision. Moles can reappear after a punch excision, as well as after a shave excision, and they can be darker and larger than previously. In this situation, further treatment may be necessary; as the last option, your doctor may propose surgical excision to permanently remove the mole.
With three to eight sessions spaced at least three to five weeks apart, the best outcomes for laser resurfacing can usually be attained. The birthmark will fade and eventually disappear as a result of these therapies. In most situations, light therapy will also necessitate three to eight treatments, with each treatment spaced four to six weeks apart.
Periodic treatments may be required for both laser resurfacing and light therapy operations to maintain the desired results. Treatments should be repeated on an annual basis in most cases.
What are the Potential Negative Consequences?
Pain is a side effect that all birthmark removal therapies have in common. There is a potential that your selected surgery will produce minor pain during or after the procedure, or both, even if it is moderate. To numb the area and keep patients comfortable during surgery, anaesthesia is applied topically (laser resurfacing or IPL) or locally (shave, punch, or surgical excision treatments). If pain persists the following therapy, your doctor may prescribe an anti-inflammatory such as Ibuprofen, however, the symptoms should subside within 48 hours.
Patients who undergo laser resurfacing to eliminate birthmarks may experience moderate bruising or skin lightening (hypopigmentation) on the treated area. This is a common side effect, and it could indicate that the laser is working to lighten the colour of the lesion. The whitening effect will fade away on its own, and the birthmark will fade with it. Swelling, redness, and peeling may occur following your surgery for a brief period of time. After treatment, redness and swelling may remain up to two days, while peeling or flaky skin may last up to a week.
A common adverse effect of light therapy treatments is swelling, peeling, and a sunburn-like sensation on the skin. Hypopigmentation or skin lightening could be another negative effect of an IPL treatment. When too much light is pulsed in one region, this can happen, but the danger can be greatly decreased by hiring a board-certified plastic surgeon who is well-qualified to do the surgery.
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